Support Vector Regression Machine Learning based Maximum Power Point Tracking for Solar Photovoltaic systems
Keywords:Boost converter, MPPT, Photovoltaic system, Regression machine learning, Support vector machine
Photovoltaic panels use the sun’s radiation on their surface to convert solar energy into electricity. This process is dependent on the temperature of the surface and the intensity of the sun's radiation. To escalate the energy transformation, the solar system must be functioned at its maximum power point (MPP). Every maximum power point tracking (MPPT) technique has a distinct mechanism for tracking maximum power point (MPP). The support vector machine (SVM) regression algorithm is used in this work to develop a novel method for tracking the MPP of a PV panel. The solar panel technical parameters were used to prepare the data for training and testing the SVM model. The SVM algorithm predicts the PV panel's maximum power and relevant voltage for specific irradiation and temperature. The duty cycle of the boost converter corresponding to the maximum power was evaluated using the predicted values. The result of the simulation shows that the proposed control strategy forces the solar panel to work near the predicted MPP. The SVM regression control strategy gives the MPP tracking efficiency of more than 94% for the solar PV system despite variable climatic conditions during its stable state operation. In addition, a comparative analysis of the proposed method was carried out with the existing approaches to confirm the effective tracking of the proposed technique.