A Novel Miniaturized Isotropic Patch Antenna for X -Band Radar Applications Using Split Ring Resonators
Keywords:Metamaterial, X-band, impedance matching, mutual coupling, isotropic, gain
A new circular patch antenna with a novel metamaterial structure that achieves high bandwidth and positive gain across the operating band. The proposed antenna was Designed by incorporating three split ring resonators into the patch and fabricating it with 15 ×10 ×1.6 mm3. The use of a metamaterial structure with negative permittivity and permeability reduced mutual coupling in a wideband antenna. The designed antenna shows the isotropic nature at 9.71 GHz in the operating band from 8.80 to 12.89 GHz for X band applications specifically for detecting objects using radars. The optimetrics technique analyzed impedance matching with a good return loss of -30 dB. In comparison to previous works, miniaturization achieved up to 81.94%. The efficiency of 95.6% and isotropic pattern were also achieved at 9.71 GHz using HFSS020R2.