Gravitational Deep Convoluted Stacked Kernel Extreme Learning Based Classification for Face Recognition


  • Gowri A Department of Information Technology, Hindusthan College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India. Department of Computer Science, Government Arts College, Udumalpet, Tiruppur, Tamilnadu, India.
  • J. Abdul Samath Department of Computer Science, Chikkanna Government Arts College, Tiruppur, Tamilnadu, India



Face Recognition, Gravitational Convoluted, Gravitational Center Loss, Face Alignment, Tikhonov Regularization


In recent times, researchers have designed several deep learning (DL) algorithms and specifically face recognition (FR) made an extensive crossover. Deep Face Recognition systems took advantage of the hierarchical framework of the DL algorithms to learn discriminative face characterization. However, when handling severe occlusions in a face, the execution of present-day methods reduces appreciably. Several prevailing works regard that, when face recognition is taken into consideration, affinity materializes to be a pivotal recognition feature. However, the rate of affinity changes when the face image for recognition is found to be illuminated, and occluded, with changes in the age of the subject. Motivated by these issues, in this work a novel method called Gravitational Deep Convoluted Stacked Kernel Extreme Learning-based (GDC-SKEL) classification for face recognition is proposed for human face recognition problems in frontal views with varying age, illumination, and occlusion. First, with the face images provided as input, Gravitational Center Loss-based Face Alignment model is proposed to minimize the intra-class difference, which can overcome the influence of occlusion in face images. Second, Deep Convoluted Tikhonov Regularization-based Facial Region Feature extraction is applied to the occlusion-removed face images. Here, by employing the Convoluted Tikhonov Regularization function, salient features are said to be extracted with an age-invariant representation. Finally, Stacked Kernel Extreme Learning-based Classification is designed. The extracted features are given to the Stacked Kernel Extreme Learning-based Classification and to identify testing samples Stacked Kernel is utilized. The performance of GDC-SKEL is evaluated on Cross-Age Celebrity Dataset. Experimental results are compared with other state-of-the-art classifiers in terms of face recognition accuracy, face recognition time, PSNR, and False Positive Rate which shows the effectiveness of the proposed GDC-SKEL classifier.




How to Cite

Gowri A and J. A. Samath, “Gravitational Deep Convoluted Stacked Kernel Extreme Learning Based Classification for Face Recognition”, IJECES, vol. 14, no. 8, pp. 915-925, Oct. 2023.



Original Scientific Papers