Review of Ad Hoc Networks scenarios and challenges in years 2015-2019


  • Amna Saad
  • Husna Osman
  • Mufind Mukaz Ebedon University Kuala Lumpur



MANET, Routing protocols, Mobility Model, Metric, Simulation tool, Performance analysis


A Mobile Ad-hoc Network (MANET) protocol performance analysis depends on the type of simulation tools, mobility models, and metrics used. These parameters' choice is crucial to researchers because it may produce an inaccurate result if it is not well chosen. The challenges researcher is facing are on the choice of these four parameters. Our survey shows an inclination to used Ad-hoc On-Demand Distance Vector routing (AODV) for performance comparison and enhancement of it by the researcher. Network simulation 2 (NS2) was the most selected tool, but we observe a decline in its utilization in recent years. Random Waypoint Mobility model (RWPM) was the most used mobility model. We have found a high percentage of the published article did not mention the mobility models use; this will make the result difficult for performance comparison with other works. Packet Delivery Ratio (PDR), End to End Delay (E2ED) were the most used metrics. Some authors have self-developed their simulation tools; the authors have also used new metrics and protocols to get a particular result based on their research objective. However, some criteria of choosing a protocol, metrics, mobility model, and simulation tool were not described, decreasing the credibility of their papers' results. Improvement needs to be done in the Ad-hoc network in terms of benchmark, acceptable scenario parameters. This survey will give the best practice to be used and some recommendations to the Ad-hoc network community.




How to Cite

Amna Saad, Husna Osman, and M. Mukaz Ebedon, “Review of Ad Hoc Networks scenarios and challenges in years 2015-2019”, IJECES, pp. 39-50, Nov. 2021.



Review Papers