Unified Power Flow Controller for Non-Linear Loads Using Adaptive Power Quality Theory
Keywords:D-Q (direct-quadrature) theory, PWM (pulse-width modulation), series compensator, shunt compensator, UPFC (unified power flow controller)
Harmonics reduction techniques in source current were found to be unreliable and imbalanced with different load conditions. This certain unreliability problem in harmonics mitigation is caused by non-linear loads. The harmonics and power quality problems are eliminated by filters. These filters are expensive to provide a dynamic response under various load conditions. The new unified power flow controller composed of a series and shunt compensator provides more secured power systems and good voltage stability at various load conditions. D-Q theory is used to generate the reference current from the AC source current. D-Q theory produces sinusoidal harmonics that are opposite to load harmonics. This UPFC can absorb or inject reactive power in the PCC. D-Q theory followed by a hysteresis current controller generates PWM pulses to the shunt and series compensator. The PI and fuzzy logic controllers preserve the DC link voltage in the storage capacitor. The proposed technique has been simulated by using Matlab simulation under different load conditions.