A Hybrid Statistical and Prioritised Unequal Error Protection Scheme for IEEE 802.11n LDPC Codes

Authors

  • Tulsi Pawan Fowdur Faculty of Engineering Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Mauritius Reduit, Mauritius
  • Madhavsingh Indoonundon Faculty of Engineering Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Mauritius Reduit, Mauritius

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32985/ijeces.8.1.1

Keywords:

IEEE 802.11n, Low-Density-Parity-Check codes, Quadrature Amplitude Modulation, Unequal Error Protection

Abstract

The combination of powerful error correcting codes such as Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) codes and Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) has been widely deployed in wireless communication standards such as the IEEE 802.11n and DVB-T2. Recently several Unequal Error Protection schemes have been proposed which exploit the non-uniform degree distribution of bit nodes in irregular LDPC codes. In parallel, schemes that exploit the inherent UEP characteristics of the QAM constellation have also bAbstract –The combination of powerful error correcting codes such as Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) codes and Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) has been widely deployed in wireless communication standards such as the IEEE 802.11n and DVB-T2. Recently, several Unequal Error Protection schemes which exploit non-uniform degree distribution of bit nodes in irregular LDPC codes have been proposed. In parallel, schemes that exploit the inherent UEP characteristics of the QAM constellation have also been developed. In this paper, a hybrid UEP scheme is proposed for LDPC codes with QAM. The scheme uses statistical distribution of source symbols to map the systematic bits of the LDPC encoded symbols to the QAM constellation. Essentially, systematic symbols having highest probabilities of occurrence are mapped onto the low power region of the QAM constellation and those with a low probability of occurrence are mapped onto the high power region. The decrease in overall transmission power allows for an increased spacing between the QAM constellation points. Additionally, the scheme uses the distribution of the bit node degree of the LDPC code-word to map the parity bits having the highest degree onto prioritised QAM constellation points. Simulations with the IEEE 802.11n LDPC codes revealed that the proposed scheme can provide gains of up to 0.91 dB in Eb/No compared with other UEP schemes for a range of Bit Error Rate (BER) values.

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Published

2017-07-19

Issue

Section

Original Scientific Papers